Paĝo:Fundamento de Esperanto.djvu/18

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GRAMMAR
A) THE ALPHABET
Aa, Bb, Cc, Ĉĉ, Dd, Ee, Ff,
a as in
„last“
b as in
„be“
ts as in
„wits“
ch as in
„church“
d as in
„do“
a as in
„make“
f as in
„fly“
Gg, Ĝĝ, Hh, Ĥĥ, Ii, Jj, Ĵĵ,
g as in
„gun“
j as in
„join“
h as in
„half“
strongly
aspirated
h, „ch“
in „loch“
(scotch)
i as in
„marine“
y as in
„yoke“
z as in
„azure“
Kk, Ll, Mm, Nn, Oo, Pp, Rr,
k as in
„key“
l as in
„line“
m as in
„make“
n as in
„now“
o as in
„not“
p as in
„pair“
r as in
„rare“
Ss, Ŝŝ, Tt, Uu, Ŭŭ, Vv, Zz.
s as in
„see“
sh as in
„show“
t as in
„tea“
u as in
„bull“
u as in
„mount“
(used in
diphtongs)
v as in
„very“
z as in
„zeal“

Remark. — If it be found impraticable to print works with the diacritical signs (ˆ,˘), the letter h may be substituted for the sign (ˆ), and the sign (˘), may be altogether omitted.


B) PARTS OF SPEECH

1. There is no indefinite, and only one definite, article, la, for all genders, numbers, and cases.

2. Substantives are formed by adding o to the root. For the plural, the letter j must be added to the singu-